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 LC    Northern Pintail* Id (Atlas):
    Anas acuta

Description (7)
Image of Northern Pintail (Female)
 

Other Names (World)
Northern Pintail, Pintail, Common Pintail, Kerguelen Pintail (eatoni), Eaton's Pintail (eatoni), Southern Pintail (eatoni), Crozet Pintail (drygalskii), Southern Pintail (drygalskii), Summer Teal, Sprig Tail

Family
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)

Size
50 - 66 cm

First Described (Guide)
Linnaeus, 1758

Derivation
Anas - L., duck: ac-ü'-ta - L., acutus, sharp

Habitat
Shallow open wetlands and nearby pastures, lakes and estuaries.

Range (Guide)
Afghanistan (NB), Albania (NB), Algeria, Anguilla, Antigua And Barbuda, Armenia (NB), Aruba, Austria (B) (NB), Azerbaijan (NB), Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh (NB), Barbados, Belarus (B) (NB) (P), Belgium (B) (NB), Belize, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina (NB), Bulgaria (B) (NB) (P), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada (B) (NB) (P), Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, China (mainland), Colombia, Congo [The Democratic Republic of the], Costa Rica, Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska) (B) (NB), Cuba, Cyprus (NB), Czech Republic (B) (NB), Denmark (B) (NB) (P), Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia (B) (NB) (P), Ethiopia, Faroe Islands (B), Finland (B) (NB) (P), France (B) (NB) (P), Gambia, Germany (B) (NB) (P), Ghana, Greece (NB) (P), Greenland (B), Guadeloupe, Guam (NB), Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (China), Hungary (B) (NB) (P), Iceland (B) (NB), India, Indonesia, Iran [Islamic Republic of] (NB) (P), Iraq (NB) (P), Ireland (B) (NB), Israel, Italy (NB) (P), Japan, Jordan (NB) (P), Kazakhstan (B), Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan (B), Laos, Latvia (B) (NB) (P), Lebanon, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania (B) (NB) (P), Luxembourg, Macedonia [The Former Yugoslav Republic of] (NB), Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands (NB), Martinique, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia [Federated States of] (NB), Mongolia (B), Montenegro (B) (NB), Montserrat, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands (B) (NB), Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Northern Mariana Islands (NB), Norway (B) (P), Oman, Pakistan, Palau (NB), Panama, Philippines (NB), Poland (B) (NB) (P), Portugal (NB), Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania (B) (NB) (P), Russia (Asian) (B), Russia (Central Asian) (B) (P), Russia (European) (B) (NB) (P), Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia (B) (NB), Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia (Slovak Republic) (B) (NB), Slovenia (NB), Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain (B) (NB), Sri Lanka, St Kitts And Nevis, St Lucia, St Pierre and Miquelon (B) (NB) (P), St Vincent and The Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (B), Sweden (B) (NB) (P), Switzerland (B) (NB), Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan (China), Tajikistan, Tanzania [United Republic of], Thailand, Togo, Tunisia (NB), Turkey (B) (NB), Turks and Caicos Islands, Uganda, Ukraine (B) (NB) (P), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (B) (NB), United States Minor Outlying Islands (NB), USA (B), Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands (British) (NB), Virgin Islands (U.S.) (NB), Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Vagrant to Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cook Islands, Côte dIvoire, French Polynesia, Gabon, Jamaica, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago.

Population
Estimated population is 5,300,000 - 5,400,000 (2010).

Status LC
Wetland habitat loss on its breeding and wintering grounds.

For more information see BirdLife International Species Factsheet.

Food
Aquatic plants, including sedges and grasses and animal matter, including water beetles, insect larvae, snails and leeches.

Voice
Usually silent. Males utter a short 'kree' during the breeding season. Also a quiet whistle. Female, a short series of deep quacks.

Xeno-Canto Sound Files (more (59)...)

 
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) [XC70569]
     by Albert Lastukhin from Lostwood NWR, ND, United States (call, female)

 
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) [XC95807]
     by Marco Dragonetti from saldi pond, India (call)

Nest
A neat, domed, well constructed cup of plant stems, on the ground or in reeds, lignum, waterside bushes, stumps or the hole of a swamp tree. Usually in the open.

Eggs (Guide)
7 - 9; yellowish; ellipsoidal. Incubation: about 23 days; by male.

Subspecies
Forms superspecies with Yellow-billed Pintail (Anas georgica). Southern Hemisphere subspecies sometimes considered to form separate species, Southern Pintail (Anas eatoni). Some consider drygalskii not separable from eatoni.

The following 3 subspecies are recognised:

  • acuta Linnaeus, 1758
  •   -  Most of Nearctic and Palearctic.
  • eatoni (Sharpe, 1875)
  •   -  Kerguelen Islands.
  • drygalskii Reichenow, 1904
  •   -  Crozet Is.


References
See References.

The Field Guide to the Birds of Australia Pizzey, G., and Knight, E., 1997, Angus & Robertson, Sydney ISBN 0 207 19691 5
Field Guide to Australian Birds Morecombe, M., 2000, Steve Parish Publishing Pty Ltd. ISBN 1 876282 10 X
Field Guide to the Birds of Australia Simpson, K., and Day, N., 1999, 6th Edition, Viking ISBN 0 670 87918 5
Reader's Digest Complete Book of Australian Birds 1988, 2nd Edition, Reader's Digest ISBN 0 949819 99 9
What Bird is That? 1984, Revised Edition, Angus & Robertson, Sydney ISBN 0 207 14846 5
Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds 1990 - , Oxford University Press, Melbourne ISBN 0 19 553244 9


Files:
JPG files for Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) - 7 files


More Information

BirdLife International

For more information about the Northern Pintail see... Show Articles BirdLife International Species Factsheet.


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