Other Names (World)
Northern Pintail, Pintail, Common Pintail, Kerguelen Pintail (eatoni), Eaton's Pintail (eatoni), Southern Pintail (eatoni), Crozet Pintail (drygalskii), Southern Pintail (drygalskii), Summer Teal, Sprig Tail
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
50 - 66 cm
Anas - L., duck: ac-ü'-ta - L., acutus, sharp
Shallow open wetlands and nearby pastures, lakes and estuaries.
Afghanistan (NB), Albania (NB), Algeria, Anguilla, Antigua And Barbuda, Armenia (NB), Aruba, Austria (B) (NB), Azerbaijan (NB), Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh (NB), Barbados, Belarus (B) (NB) (P), Belgium (B) (NB), Belize, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina (NB), Bulgaria (B) (NB) (P), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada (B) (NB) (P), Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, China (mainland), Colombia, Congo [The Democratic Republic of the], Costa Rica, Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska) (B) (NB), Cuba, Cyprus (NB), Czech Republic (B) (NB), Denmark (B) (NB) (P), Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia (B) (NB) (P), Ethiopia, Faroe Islands (B), Finland (B) (NB) (P), France (B) (NB) (P), Gambia, Germany (B) (NB) (P), Ghana, Greece (NB) (P), Greenland (B), Guadeloupe, Guam (NB), Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (China), Hungary (B) (NB) (P), Iceland (B) (NB), India, Indonesia, Iran [Islamic Republic of] (NB) (P), Iraq (NB) (P), Ireland (B) (NB), Israel, Italy (NB) (P), Japan, Jordan (NB) (P), Kazakhstan (B), Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan (B), Laos, Latvia (B) (NB) (P), Lebanon, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania (B) (NB) (P), Luxembourg, Macedonia [The Former Yugoslav Republic of] (NB), Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands (NB), Martinique, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia [Federated States of] (NB), Mongolia (B), Montenegro (B) (NB), Montserrat, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands (B) (NB), Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Northern Mariana Islands (NB), Norway (B) (P), Oman, Pakistan, Palau (NB), Panama, Philippines (NB), Poland (B) (NB) (P), Portugal (NB), Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania (B) (NB) (P), Russia (Asian) (B), Russia (Central Asian) (B) (P), Russia (European) (B) (NB) (P), Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia (B) (NB), Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia (Slovak Republic) (B) (NB), Slovenia (NB), Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain (B) (NB), Sri Lanka, St Kitts And Nevis, St Lucia, St Pierre and Miquelon (B) (NB) (P), St Vincent and The Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (B), Sweden (B) (NB) (P), Switzerland (B) (NB), Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan (China), Tajikistan, Tanzania [United Republic of], Thailand, Togo, Tunisia (NB), Turkey (B) (NB), Turks and Caicos Islands, Uganda, Ukraine (B) (NB) (P), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (B) (NB), United States Minor Outlying Islands (NB), USA (B), Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands (British) (NB), Virgin Islands (U.S.) (NB), Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Vagrant to Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cook Islands, Côte dIvoire, French Polynesia, Gabon, Jamaica, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago.
Estimated population is 5,300,000 - 5,400,000 (2010).
Wetland habitat loss on its breeding and wintering grounds.
Aquatic plants, including sedges and grasses and animal matter, including water beetles, insect larvae, snails and leeches.
Usually silent. Males utter a short 'kree' during the breeding season. Also a quiet whistle. Female, a short series of deep quacks.
A neat, domed, well constructed cup of plant stems, on the ground or in reeds, lignum, waterside bushes, stumps or the hole of a swamp tree. Usually in the open.
7 - 9; yellowish; ellipsoidal. Incubation: about 23 days; by male.
Forms superspecies with Yellow-billed Pintail (Anas georgica). Southern Hemisphere subspecies sometimes considered to form separate species, Southern Pintail (Anas eatoni). Some consider drygalskii not separable from eatoni.
The following 3 subspecies are recognised:
- acuta Linnaeus, 1758 - Most of Nearctic and Palearctic.
- eatoni (Sharpe, 1875) - Kerguelen Islands. Considered by some authors to be a distinct species, Southern Pintail (Anas eatoni).
- drygalskii Reichenow, 1904 - Crozet Is.