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Species Details [Taxonomy: HBW - BirdLife (v3)] Print... Email... 

 LC    Red-backed Shrike* Id (Atlas):
    Lanius collurio

Description
Image of Red-backed Shrike
 

Family
Laniidae (Shrikes)

Size
17 cm

First Described (Guide)
Linnaeus, 1758

Habitat
Dry savanna. From sea-level - 3,200 m.

Range (Guide)
Afghanistan (P), Albania (B), Andorra (B), Angola, Armenia (B), Austria (B), Azerbaijan (B), Bahrain (P), Belarus (B) (NB), Belgium (B), Bosnia and Herzegovina (B), Botswana, Bulgaria (B) (P), Burundi, Chad, Congo [The Democratic Republic of the], Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska) (B), Cyprus (B) (P), Czech Republic (B), Denmark (B) (P), Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia (B), Ethiopia, Finland (B) (P), France (B) (P), Gabon, Georgia (B), Germany (B), Greece (B) (P), Hungary (B), India, Iran [Islamic Republic of] (B), Iraq (P), Israel (B), Italy (B) (P), Jordan (P), Kazakhstan (B), Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia (B), Lebanon (B), Lesotho, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein (B), Lithuania (B), Luxembourg (B), Macedonia [The Former Yugoslav Republic of] (B), Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Moldova [Republic of] (B), Mongolia (B), Montenegro (B), Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles (B), Norway (B), Oman, Pakistan, Poland (B), Portugal (B), Qatar, Romania (B), Russia (Central Asian) (B), Russia (European) (B), Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Serbia (B), Slovakia (Slovak Republic) (B), Slovenia (B), Somalia, South Africa, Spain (B) (NB), Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden (B), Switzerland (B), Syrian Arab Republic (B), Tajikistan, Tanzania [United Republic of], Turkey (B), Uganda, Ukraine (B), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (B), Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Vagrant to Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China (mainland), Congo [The Democratic Republic of the], Faroe Islands, Gambia, Gibraltar, Iceland, Ireland, Morocco, Nigeria, Seychelles, Tunisia.

Rarity Status
Currently this species is not classified as a rarity in this country OR information has not been updated.

Population
Estimated population is 40,000,000 - 150,000,000 (2010).

Status LC
For more information see BirdLife International Species Factsheet.

Food
Mainly insects, especially beetles. Also some small birds and mammals.

Voice
A harsh, 'chack, chack'. Song, is subdued, very long and with mimicry.

Xeno-Canto Sound Files (more (391)...)

 
Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio) [XC575656]
     by Lars Lachmann from Maquassi Hills Local Municipality (near Witpoort), Southern DC, North West, Poland (alarm call)

 
Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio) [XC448526]
     by Tony Archer from Grystaviken, Enk\u00f6ping, Uppsala l\u00e4n, France (call)

Nest
A loose cup of plant materials, in a bush about 1 meter above the ground, with a compact lining.

Eggs (Guide)
3 - 7; very variable ground color with multicolored spots at the larger end.

Subspecies
Thought to form a superspecies with Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus) and Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus). Has been considered conspecific with one or both.

Subspecies intergrade. Proposed subspecies, juxtus (described from east Suffolk, in eastern England), is indistinguishable from nominate.

The following 3 subspecies are recognised:

  • collurio Linnaeus, 1758   -  Breeds Europe (except north, north-western and south-west) east to western Siberia, south to northern Iberia, Sardinia, southern Italy, Sicily, Balkans (south to Croatia), central Romania, Ukraine, and plains north of Caucasus. Non-breeding southern and eastern Africa.
  • kobylini Buturlin, 1906   -  Breeds Balkans (southern from Bosnia) east to Crimea and Caucasus, south to Asia Minor, Cyprus and north-western Iran. Non-breeding southern and eastern Africa.
  • pallidifrons H. C. Johansen, 1952   -  Breeds western and west-central Siberia (east to north-western Altai). Non-breeding southern and eastern Africa.



References
See References.

The Reader's Digest Book of British Birds 1980, 3rd Edition, Drive Publications Ltd ISBN 0 340 25308 8
Birds in Colour Campbell, B., 1960, Penguin Books Ltd
The Pocket Guide to Nest and Eggs Fitter, R.S.R., 1954, Collins
RSPB Handbook of British Birds Holden, P., Cleeves, T., 2002, A & C Black ISBN 0 7136 5713 8
Birds of Britain and Europe Sterry, P., et al., 2001, AA Publishing ISBN 0 7495 3068 5
The Popular Handbook of British Birds Hollom, P.A.D., 1973, H.F. & G. Witherby Ltd ISBN 0 85493 002 7


More Information

BirdLife International

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