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 LC    Tawny Grassbird* Id (Atlas): 523
    Cincloramphus timoriensis

Description (2)
Image of Tawny Grassbird
 

Other Names (World)
Tawny Grassbird, Tawny Grass Warbler, Tawny Marshbird, Rufous-capped Grassbird, Rufous-capped Grass Warbler

Family
Locustellidae (Grasshopper-warblers And Grassbirds)

Size
19 cm

First Described (Guide)
(Wallace, 1864)

Derivation
Meg-al-ür'-us - Gk, megas (megalos), large; Gk, ura (oura), tail: timoriensis - N.L., of Timor

Abundance (Guide)
LC - UC

Locally common but generally uncommon. Nomadic and migratory.

Habitat
Mostly rank grassland, rushland and sedgelands, often in and around, not not confined to, wetlands, including swamps, marshes, lagoons, dams, lakes and watercourses.

Range (Guide)
Australia (B), Indonesia (B), Papua New Guinea (B), Philippines (B), Timor-Leste (B) (NB).

Image of Range of Tawny Grassbird
Northern and eastern Australia, mainly coastal, west to the Kimberley and south to about Wollongong, NSW.
 
Rarity Status
Currently this species is not classified as a rarity in this country OR information has not been updated.

Population
Estimated population is unknown (2010).

Status LC
Secure.

For more information see BirdLife International Species Factsheet.

Habits
Singly or in twos.

Food
Arthropods, mainly insects and, rarely, seeds.

Voice
Sweet, descending song, somewhat like a Rufous Songlark (Cincloramphus mathewsi) or Superb Fairy-wren (Malurus cyaneus). A sharp 'jk-jk' uttered in alarm.



Xeno-Canto Sound Files (more (44)...)

 
Tawny Grassbird (Cincloramphus timoriensis) [XC36812]
     by Colin Trainor from IliLapa, Lospalas, Lautem, East Timor (contact notes)

 
Tawny Grassbird (Cincloramphus timoriensis) [XC447239]
     by Colin Trainor from Nug As Alcoy Cebu, Philippines (call)

Breeding Season (Guide)
August - December in the south-east, February - August in the north.

J F M A M J J A S O N D
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   


Nest
A deep, cup, composed of dried swamp grasses and lined with finer dried grasses and rootlets, at the base of a tuft of grass or rushes, usually very well hidden.

Eggs (Guide)
Usually 3, sometimes 2; pink, freckled with purple-brown and grey; long-oval; about 20 x 15 mm. Incubation: about 14 days; probably by female only.

Young
Probably altricial, nidicolous.

Subspecies
Forms a superspecies with Megalurulus macrurus, with which it is traditionally treated as conspecific.

The following 18 subspecies are recognised:

  • timoriensis (Wallace, 1864)
  •   -  Timor.
  • tweeddalei (McGregor, 1908)
  •   -  Northern and central Philippines (Luzon, Samar, Negros, Panay and adjacent small islands).
  • mindorensis (Salomonsen, 1953)
  •   -  North-western Philippines (Mindoro).
  • alopex (Parkes, 1970)
  •   -  Central Philippines (Cebu, Leyte, Bohol).
  • crex (Salomonsen, 1953)
  •   -  Southern Philippines (Mindanao, Basilan).
  • celebensis (Riley, 1919)
  •   -  Sulawesi.
  • amboinensis (Salvadori, 1876)
  •   -  Ambon, in southern Moluccas.
  • inquirendus (Siebers, 1928)
  •   -  Sumba, in Lesser Sundas.
  • muscalis (Rand, 1938)
  •   -  Southern New Guinea (R Fly area).
  • alisteri (Mathews, 1912)
  •   -  Northern and eastern Australia, from north-eastern western Australia (Kimberleys) and northern Northern Territory east to northern and eastern Queensland, thence southern in eastern New South Wales to Sydney.
  • stresemanni
  •   -  North-western New Guinea.
  • mayri
  •   -  Northern New Guinea (Lake Sentani, Humboldt Bay to Astrolabe Bay).
  • wahgiensis
  •   -  Central Highlands of New Guinea.
  • montanus
  •   -  Central Highlands of New Guinea (Mt. Hagen and Mt. Wilhelm).
  • macrurus
  •   -  New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago.
  • harterti
  •   -  North-eastern New Guinea.
  • alpinus
  •   -  High elevation west-central and central New Guinea.
  • interscapularis
  •   -  Bismarck Arch.


References
See References.

The Field Guide to the Birds of Australia Pizzey, G., and Knight, E., 1997, Angus & Robertson, Sydney ISBN 0 207 19691 5
Field Guide to Australian Birds Morecombe, M., 2000, Steve Parish Publishing Pty Ltd. ISBN 1 876282 10 X
Field Guide to the Birds of Australia Simpson, K., and Day, N., 1999, 6th Edition, Viking ISBN 0 670 87918 5
Reader's Digest Complete Book of Australian Birds 1988, 2nd Edition, Reader's Digest ISBN 0 949819 99 9
What Bird is That? 1984, Revised Edition, Angus & Robertson, Sydney ISBN 0 207 14846 5
Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds 1990 - , Oxford University Press, Melbourne ISBN 0 19 553244 9


Files:
JPG files for Tawny Grassbird (Cincloramphus timoriensis) - 2 filesMP3 files for Tawny Grassbird (Cincloramphus timoriensis) - 1 files


More Information

BirdLife International

For more information about the Tawny Grassbird see... Show Articles BirdLife International Species Factsheet.


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